街道风貌改造设计公司

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成都雕刻石栏杆石护栏石栏板桥栏杆石刻栏杆生产厂家

成都石雕厂坐落于成都沙西线城石材城,生产加工天青石石护栏,石刻石刻栏杆,花岗岩石栏杆等。 联系人:赵经理 电话:13551198566 地址:成都沙西线城石材城 首先先介绍石刻石护栏; 白玉可以用在很多地方,也有很多用途,石刻栏杆就是其中一种。现在的石刻栏杆包括几种,有花瓶柱式的栏杆,也有中间有... 阅读全文

成都石雕厂坐落于成都沙西线城石材城,生产加工天青石石护栏,石刻石刻栏杆,花岗岩石栏杆等。
联系人:赵经理
电话:13551198566 地址:成都沙西线城石材城

首先先介绍石刻石护栏;
白玉可以用在很多地方,也有很多用途,石刻栏杆就是其中一种。现在的石刻栏杆包括几种,有花瓶柱式的栏杆,也有中间有一块板的栏杆,也有升旗台的栏杆,花瓶柱式的栏杆适用于家居,中间有一块板的适用于河道、桥梁、广场、花园等等很多。
为什么要用石刻来做石栏杆呢?因为石刻首先做出来洁白无瑕,很好看,还有就是硬度比较硬,这样就比较安全,让人放心它不是那么容易坏,然后就是光度也好,辐射也小。所以现在石刻就算贵了一点,很多人也愿意去选择用石刻来做石栏杆。
如果是自己家里、旗台、做的石刻栏杆,就可以用好的石刻来做,因为没有多少,用好的比较好。如果是广场、桥梁这些地方就比较多了,那就建议用一般的就行了,不然造价太高
石栏杆中国古称阑干,也称勾阑,是桥梁和建筑上的安全设施。栏杆分低,中,高三种,低栏0.2~0.3米,中栏0.8~0.9米,高栏1.1~1.3米,要因地按需而择。栏杆在使用中起分隔、导向的作用,使被分割区域边界明确清晰,设计好的栏杆,很具装饰意义。周代礼器座上有类似栏杆的构件。汉代以卧棂式栏杆为最多。六朝盛行钩片勾阑。随着社会的进步,人民的精神、物质水平提高,更需要的是造型优美,"防君子不防小人"的导向性栏干、生态型间隔。切不要以栏干的高度来代替管理,使绿地空间截然被分开来。相反,在能用自然的、空间的办法,达到分隔的目的时,少用栏干。如用绿篱、水面、山石、自然地形变化等。栏杆转角立望柱或寻杖绞口造者,均可见于云冈石窟、敦煌壁画。元明清的木栏杆比较纤细,而石栏杆逐渐脱离木制栏杆的形制,趋向厚重。清末以后,西方古典比例、尺度和装饰的栏杆形式进入中国。现代栏杆的材料和造型更为多样。相反,在能用自然的、空间的办法,达到分隔的目的时,少用栏干。如用绿篱、水面、山石、自然地形变化等

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街道风貌改造设计公司

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成都街道风貌改造设计公司

乡镇风貌特色是以人的视知觉为依归的。一切可以表现在视觉频率(视频)较大的乡镇景点,都是乡镇风貌特色的构成因素。凌空突起的高大建筑留给人的印象最深。高层建筑是乡镇高点布局的主要项目。在乡镇风貌特色规划中,是不可忽视的。应从总体布局中加以构思。在哪些重点地段突出高点,从而使乡镇天际线有美的变化旋律?在建筑形态和色彩上,应有所分配。同时对已有的高层建筑要有所保护(... 阅读全文

    乡镇风貌特色是以人的视知觉为依归的。一切可以表现在视觉频率(视频)较大的乡镇景点,都是乡镇风貌特色的构成因素。凌空突起的高大建筑留给人的印象最深。高层建筑是乡镇高点布局的主要项目。在乡镇风貌特色规划中,是不可忽视的。应从总体布局中加以构思。在哪些重点地段突出高点,从而使乡镇天际线有美的变化旋律?在建筑形态和色彩上,应有所分配。同时对已有的高层建筑要有所保护(视廊保障)。特别是面貌独特的,多年留给人们印象深刻的,甚至已成为乡镇识别标志的高建筑,应备加风貌保护。如果城缘或城内有山,则山上的建筑也属于高点建筑。这些全城可见的建筑,应作重点造型,加以美妙布局。

 

  乡镇街道风貌最贴切感觉,应结合历史、现状的文脉,加以区划。使之不至千篇一律,各街有各街的差别个性。如,小洋楼、古文化街、步行街等。各街的色彩可有差别。建筑色彩中的冷、暖色运用,应依地域风水的阴阳属性而定。风水理论认为,求取平衡为吉。色彩的阴阳应与地域的阴阳相平衡。在阳性场气的地段多用冷色,阴性地多用暖色。风水理论认为,山南、水北为阳,山北、水南为阴。以此类推,色彩可依。

 

  乡镇风貌特色规划,是一种独立规划,也是一种风水规划。涵盖着乡镇总体规划及详细规划。实践证明,依风水进行乡镇规划是解决和避免乡镇“风貌危机”的成功规划。其技术范畴和操作方法也带有“中国特色”。是修复、保护和创造优秀乡镇风貌的有效规划方式。其规划阶段,应在乡镇最初的总体规划中列出独立章节加以论证和审批,从而加以立法。如果在乡镇总体规划之后,作为总体规划的拾遗和补充,独立进行乡镇风貌特色规划时,必须注意风貌规划中的各项技术和艺术的实施规则具有明确的可操作性。规划的成果不能纳入该乡镇的建设法规中,将是一纸空文。即人们常言的:“纸上画画,墙上挂挂,最后还是领导一句话!”若没有明确的可操作性,没有量化和指标限定,在城建实施的长过程中是难以保证实行规划意图的。那么,这种规划就是失败的。但是风水场气尚未研制出测量仪器,具有一定的模糊性,在这种规划中必须注意既定的原则和尽可能的量化数据。这是应当注意研究的课题。

 

  乡镇用地的自然地貌和地理区位是没有雷同的,只要紧密结合这些自然条件,尊重自然,重视“天地合一”的传统正确观念,则乡镇风貌也自然出现特色,乡镇风貌个性将长久保存。而脱离地域,脱离“乡情”,入“乡”不随“俗”的乡镇设计,正是违背传统的中国风水学理论的。认真做好乡镇的风水规划,是做好乡镇风貌特色规划的必由之路。

    公司业务立足成都,辐射重庆、贵阳、西藏、广西等区域,并与多家海外设计机构形成稳固的合作关系,与日本东京大学建筑师团队长期友好合作,共同创造了多个设计精品。

 

    公司自设立以来,始终坚持“以顾客满意为宗旨,缔造设计精品”的原则,精心设计,不断完善创新设计理念,科学管理,追求一流,力创建筑设计精品。设计成果得到相关部门、业主和社会地充分肯定并且已通过ISO9001-2008质量管理体系认证。

公司时刻以务实踏实的工作态度,勤奋上进的工作作风,精益求精的工作精神,热心耐心的服务理念,准备迎接新的设计任务。

 

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连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

Courtesy ofNevue Ngan Associates. Via ASLA. 90degree编译,未经许可,不得转载。 &这条大街干净整洁,令人耳目一新,是前所未见的优秀作品!多数城市的方案都只着眼局部,而该方案则为其他城市树立了标杆,向人们展示了一条远非景观绿化那么简单的街道。& &&2012年ASLA专业奖评语 "C... 阅读全文

Courtesy of Nevue Ngan Associates. Via ASLA. 90degree编译,未经许可,不得转载。

 

 

“这条大街干净整洁,令人耳目一新,是前所未见的优秀作品!多数城市的方案都只着眼局部,而该方案则为其他城市树立了标杆,向人们展示了一条远非景观绿化那么简单的街道。”
——2012年ASLA专业奖评语

"Clean, refreshing, crisp, and stellar. Most cities do piecemeal solutions, but this sets the bar for other cities and lets people know this isn't just landscaping."
—2012 Professional Awards Jury

 

 

项目概述

蒙哥马利西南绿街是一项新兴的都市街道规划,使波兰在国内外的知名度不断上升。该规划覆盖多个街区,整合了这条市中心新兴街道的各种环保基础设施及可选交通策略。蒙哥马利西南绿街被认为是波兰迄今为止最大胆且最具创新性的市中心绿色街道项目。

 

项目描述

波兰发展委员会、波兰环境署、波兰州立大学及发展公司通力合作,力求制定一个覆盖五个街区的规划,整合从西南第十一大街经蒙哥马利西南街到东面的柏蒂格罗夫公园一带的各种可持续雨水管理策略。波兰市中心大学校区规划强调校园社区的发展,使之符合波兰市的发展目标,并使蒙哥马利西南街成为一个重要的东/西向人行廊道。蒙哥马利西南街沿路的多街区开发及再开发项目将以波兰市政府、波兰州立大学、私人开发商及各大企业在过去四十几年的长期努力为基础同时开展。这些元素的战略集合将成功激发社区活力,增强步行体验,促进可持续发展,并继续打造社区文化。蒙哥马利西南绿街规划表明,即使是在最城市化的的情况下,市中心街道也能通过规划和改造对雨水径流进行全面管理,打造、整合及保留活跃的步行空间。景观设计师根据要求发挥主要作用,以打造一个高度整合的城市步行街道景观愿景,从而使该廊道沿路的各种环保基础设施策略得以融为一体,包括雨水沼泽、花坛、绿植墙、绿色屋顶、巧妙的雨水引流及至关重要的无路缘街道设计。

项目总体目标

蒙哥马利西南绿街规划旨在实现为项目周围地区所制定的多个目标,其中有不少总体目标早在项目组开展规划工作时就已确定,包括:

· 提升波兰目前作为合作与创新型可持续设计和发展孵化基地的知名度;

· 将可持续雨水管理方法引入场地设计,并凸显都市活力环境的所有元素,从而形成一种可持续实践模式;

· 在大学、喷泉、公园、礼堂、博物馆、剧院及商场等便利设施之间建立主要通行途径,缩短市中心商务区的上下班路程,并通过有轨电车、轻轨电车及转运站的各条汽车路线连接大都市区域;

· 成功将城市中心广场扩展为活力四射的城市广场,并将其成果应用到整个项目廊道中;

· 结合设计愿景,使西山区与蒙哥马利西南街沿路的威拉米特河相连;

· 利用蒙哥马利西南绿街将整个地区与环保区联系起来。

绿街具体目标

除了以上所述总体目标外,景观设计师还需根据委托,为实现蒙哥马利西南项目廊道的具体绿街设计目标提供帮助,该目标包括:

· 建造宽阔的步道及无路缘街道,以方便底层零售区附近的各种景观设施建设。设有机动车道的街区应设有活跃的零售区,且应同时建有行车道及停车道,以便在举办特殊活动时,封闭道路,仅供行人通行;

· 引入能够形成视觉连贯性的景观元素,使之成为主要的雨水渠道或贯穿多个社区的共同主线,同时打造一条东西走向的环保通道,从而使市中心与波兰州立大学校区相连;

· 将拥有道路优先权的绿街设计与附近的开发项目结合,包括已规划的俄勒冈州可持续发展中心。发掘建造可同时吸纳街道及建筑屋顶径流的雨水共享花坛潜力;

· 改造项目廊道沿路的绿街元素,同时凸显南方公园社区、城市中心广场及柏蒂格罗夫公园的特色。

项目分析与实施

为全面实现蒙哥马利西南绿街规划,景观设计师需对该项目的场地特征进行研究,制定雨水管理总体目标,调查并针对该场地的限制因素采取应对措施,确定建设绿色街道的可行性,分析贯穿社区的各种交通模式。项目分析使180万加仑的雨水径流得以通过绿街的雨水主渠道进行管理,使该地区的重要交通模式得以从机动车基础设施向人行基础设施转变,同时使该街道的建设得以促进蒙哥马利西南绿街廊道一带的可持续私人再开发项目。这些分析最终促成了蒙哥马利西南绿街的规划,且经实践证明,该规划在短期及长期内均具有极高的可行性。蒙哥马利西南绿街规划正在进行多期项目的建设。景观设计团队已成功完成规划中的两个街区,即史密斯纪念馆学生会广场及城市中心广场改造项目。预计未来两年还将建造另外两个街区,包括拟定的俄勒冈州可持续发展中心——波兰最先进的绿色建筑,该建筑力求符合最严苛的“生态建筑挑战”标准。通过各方人士的战略合作及持续不断的规划与实施工作,蒙哥马利西南绿街走廊必将成功激发社区活力,在学术、住宅及商业社区之间形成可持续发展关系。该项目的实施将为街道规划树立新的理念,并为波兰及其他地区的市中心街道景观项目提供场地营造模式。

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

蒙哥马利西南绿街被认为是波兰最具创新性的绿色街道项目。该项目表明,即使是在最城市化的的情况下,市中心街道也能通过规划和改造对雨水径流进行综合管理,打造、整合及保留活跃的步行空间

The SW Montgomery Green Street is regarded as Portland's most innovative green street effort. The project demonstrates how, in even the most ultra-urban conditions, downtown streets can be planned and retrofitted not only to fully manage stormwater runoff but to also create, integrate, and preserve vibrant pedestrian spaces.

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

蒙哥马利西南绿街有五处核心区域会对用户模式产生影响:公园街区中心、城市入口、生活/学习中心、市中心以及南部滨水区。这些区域有望成为蒙哥马利西南绿街沿路率先实施的再开发项目

There are five focal points that will influence user patterns on the SW Montgomery Green Street: The Park Blocks Center, City Gateway, Living/Learning Center, Downtown Core, and the South Waterfront District. These areas should be expected to lead early redevelopment efforts along the SW Montgomery Green Street. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

波兰1988年的中心城市规划将蒙哥马利西南街划定为重要的东西向人行廊道。在过去五年里,波兰市政府、波兰州立大学、私人开发商及各大企业集中发力,沿蒙哥马利西南街同时实施多街区开发及再开发项目。这些元素的战略集合将成功激发社区活力,增强步行体验,促进可持续发展,接续打造社区文化,同时着重以各组织机构在过去四十几年的长期努力为基础实施建设

Portland's 1988 Central City Plan designated SW Montgomery Street as a key east/west pedestrian corridor. In the last five years, there has been a concentrated effort by the City of Portland, Portland State University, private developers, and businesses to implement simultaneous multi-block development and redevelopment along SW Montgomery Street. The strategic convergence of these elements will successfully activate the neighborhood, enhance the pedestrian experience, foster sustainability, continue to build a community culture, and dramatically build upon the long-term efforts advanced over the past four decades. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

蒙哥马利西南街具有兼收并蓄的特性。从郁郁葱葱且适合沉思冥想的柏蒂格罗夫公园到俄勒冈州可持续发展中心周围的可持续尖端设计,该廊道连接着诸多与众不同的空间。蒙哥马利西南绿街旨在保护和提升廊道沿途的各种独特空间,并加强与周围便利设施的联系。但是,和多数市中心雨水改造工作所面临的处境一样,设计团队也需要解决城市设计及雨水管理所面临的场地限制问题

The character of SW Montgomery Street is eclectic by nature. The corridor links a diverse collection of spaces from the verdant, contemplative Pettygrove Park to the cutting-edge sustainable design surrounding the Oregon Sustainability Center. The SW Montgomery Green Street seeks to preserve and enhance the unique spaces along the corridor and provide strong connections to surrounding amenities. However, like most downtown stormwater retrofit conditions, there are a variety of urban design and stormwater management site constraints that the design team needed to address. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

这一最高水准的绿街项目不仅具有管理雨水径流的功能,还能促进交通模式的转变,使该街道从以机动车为主要交通工具转变为具有多种交通选择。蒙哥马利西南绿街通过权衡各种交通选择示范了完整的街道规划,同时着重强调增强步行及自行车基础设施的建设

The highest caliber green street looks beyond only managing stormwater runoff. It also promotes a transportation mode switch from primarily auto-centric design to a street that emphasizes alternative transportation. The SW Montgomery Green Street exemplifies complete street planning by providing a balanced set of transportation choices, but also provides a clear emphasis on enhanced pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

蒙哥马利西南绿街的雨水管理设施并非适用廊道内所有的街区。在许多情况下,由于地下设施或结构的存在,绿街的雨水渠道无法渗透雨水径流,因此可能需要使用溢流式雨水设施。当然,这并不排除对雨水管理景观系统的利用。恰恰相反,该设计建议着力实现城市雨水径流管理的非渗透性目标

Stormwater management along the SW Montgomery Green Street is not a one-size-fits-all condition for each block of the corridor. In many cases, the street's"stormwater spine"will not be able to infiltrate stormwater runoff due to underground utilities or structures and may force the use of flow-through stormwater facilities. This of course does not preclude using a landscaped-based system of stormwater management. Instead, it suggests focusing on non-infiltrative goals for managing urban stormwater runoff. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

沿蒙哥马利西南绿街不断延伸的雨水渠道设计为一个极为实用的景观系统,用于收集和管理75 000多平方英尺(约0.7公顷)非渗透区的雨水径流。该渠道是该项目场地进行雨水管理的主力,穿行于廊道内的各个街区。不过,该景观系统的形态大小因地制宜,以适应各个街区的独特状况

The continuous stormwater spine along the SW Montgomery Green Street is planned as a highly functional landscape system used to capture and manage stormwater runoff from over 75,000 square feet of impervious area. The spine is the project site's"workhorse"for stormwater management. Each block along the corridor has the stormwater spine traversing through it, however, the form and size of the landscape system does vary in response to the unique conditions of each block. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

蒙哥马利西南绿街全面建成后,每年可管理上千万加仑的雨水径流。但是,绿街建设并非千篇一律,该街道能达到何种绿色程度取决于多种因素。对于某些绿街而言,尤其是蒙哥马利西南绿街,每个单独的街区均可左右绿街的宏伟蓝图

Once fully implemented, the SW Montgomery Green Street has the potential to manage millions of gallons of runoff each year. However, there is a lot of variability in how"green"a street really is and all green streets are not created equal. Within some streets, and as in the case of SW Montgomery, individual blocks can vary on how aggressive the green street approach is. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

蒙哥马利西南绿街的各个街区可通过多种方式,实现雨水径流的可持续管理。但是,唯独这三个主要用于机动车通行的街区还可对其机动车道进行改造,完善步行设施,使之与项目区域周围的城市和绿化空间相连。此外,该廊道沿途现有的许多建筑已准备好进行再开发或再利用工作。再开发项目的实施可增强这些区域的雨水径流收集,并将雨水引至蒙哥马利西南街的景观绿化系统

Opportunities abound on all of the blocks within the SW Montgomery Green Street to manage stormwater runoff in a more sustainable way. However, the three blocks that currently carry auto traffic hold a special opportunity to transform the auto-based vernacular into an enhanced pedestrian condition that connects to urban and green spaces surrounding the project area. In addition, many of the existing buildings along the corridor are poised for redevelopment or reuse. When redevelopment does occur, there will be the potential to capture stormwater runoff from these areas and redirect it into the SW Montgomery Green Street's landscaped system. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

大学校区内的步行和雨水街景重新焕发新生,显示出蒙哥马利西南绿街的巨大潜力。宽阔的步道及无路缘街道方便了各种场地设施的建设,有利于激发新装上阵的底层零售区活力。可移动的路界护柱可灵活利用,偶尔或永远关闭该街道,以禁止汽车通行。该街道及再开发建筑的雨水径流被引至雨水渠道的景观系统中。除此之外,现有天桥系统还采用了各种绿墙技术,模仿波兰西山森林的多植被层

A revitalized pedestrian and stormwater streetscape at the University Services Block illustrates the enormous potential for the SW Montgomery Green Street. The wider sidewalks and"curbless"street condition allows for various site furnishings and will help activate newly refurbished ground-floor retail. Removable bollards provide the flexibility to occasionally or permanently close the street to automobile use. Stormwater runoff from the street and redeveloped buildings is conveyed to the stormwater spine's landscape system. In addition, various green wall technologies are also applied to the existing skybridge system to mimic the multiple vegetated layers of Portland's West Hill's forests. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

大学服务区的概念规划效果图展示了如何通过重新设计,使该廊道的街道围合结构得以合理平衡各类交通模式,同时为街道及临近建筑的雨水径流管理提供多种可能

This concept plan rendering for the University Services block illustrates an example of how the corridor's street envelope is redesigned to properly balance different modes of transportation and also provide multiple opportunities to capture stormwater runoff from the street and adjacent buildings. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

大学服务区通过一系列景观绿化设施对雨水径流进行收集,而雨水渠道则成为主要的管理工具。该图和表显示了景观区与不渗透区之间的关系。该分析涵盖了整个项目廊道

Stormwater runoff at the University Services block is captured through a series of landscaped facilities with the stormwater spine acting as the primary management tool. The graphic and table illustrates the relationship between landscape area and impervious area. This analyses was completed for the entire project corridor. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

城市中心广场是蒙哥马利西南绿街概念规划实施改造的第二个街区。波兰州立大学重建的广场目前设有三个雨水花坛,巧妙地分布于原有的喷泉旁,从而增强了蒙哥马利西南绿街的雨水渠道元素。从广场及临近步道收集来的近8 000平方英尺(约0.07公顷)的雨水径流通过一系列排水沟流入雨水设施中。雨水通过金属低坝及花岗岩小溪从一个花坛倾泻至另一个花坛,从而构成了一种视觉享受。城市中心广场的改造使水体、植物生命及都市空间得以灵活布局,令人赏心悦目

The Urban Center Plaza was the second block to undergo a retrofit under the SW Montgomery Green Street Concept Plan. Portland State University's rebuilt plaza now features three stormwater planters strategically placed next to the original water fountains to reinforce the stormwater spine element of the SW Montgomery Green Street. Approximately 8,000 square feet of runoff is captured from the plaza and adjacent sidewalks and is conveyed through a series of trench drains into the stormwater facilities. A visual showcase, the stormwater cascades from planter to planter through metal weirs and granite rills. The Urban Center Plaza retrofit provides a delightful display of water, plant life, and urban space. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

波兰州立大学的史密斯纪念馆学生会广场是蒙哥马利西南绿街概念项目九个街景楼群中最先实施建设的楼群。整个广场空间经过重新分类改造,使雨水径流以片流形式流入雨水渠道。该渠道为5英尺(约1.5米)宽,与建筑立面平行,极为醒目。一系列精工细作的金属桥梁使行人得以跨越雨水渠道,见证桥下的潺潺流水。大学天桥系统的雨水径流也被引流至雨水花坛中,并随之渗入地下。该广场为蒙哥马利西南绿街其他街区的建设提供了成功的先例

Portland State University's Smith Memorial Student Union Plaza was the first of nine streetscape blocks to implement the SW Montgomery Green Street Concept Plan. The entire plaza space was re-graded to allow runoff to sheet flow into the prominent 5-foot wide stormwater spine running parallel to the building facades. A series of sleek metal bridges allow pedestrians to cross over the stormwater spine, but also allow water to flow underneath them. Runoff from the university's skybridge system is also directed into stormwater planters where it can infiltrate into the ground. The plaza has set a successful precedent for implementing the remaining blocks of the SW Montgomery Green Street. 

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

俄勒冈州可持续发展中心是该国首个市中心高层建筑,其设计旨在满足卡斯卡迪亚地区环保建筑委员所设生态建筑挑战的苛刻先决条件。蒙哥马利西南绿街及俄勒冈州可持续发展中心已通过景观设计师的规划,成为雨水的综合管理区。第五级绿街状况有效地模糊了公共与私人雨水管理设施之间的界线,并将成为蒙哥马利西南绿街沿路最大胆的可持续场地发展范例。该项目已按计划于2013年开工建设

The Oregon Sustainability Center is the nation's first downtown high-rise building site designed to meet the rigorous prerequisites of the Cascadia Region Green Building Council's Living Building Challenge. The SW Montgomery Green Street and the Oregon Sustainability Center sites have been planned by the Landscape Architect to function as one integrated space for stormwater management. This Level 5 Green Street condition effectively blurs the line between public and private stormwater management and will be the boldest example of sustainable site development along the SW Montgomery Green Street corridor. The project is slated to be built in 2013.

Image by: Nevue Ngan Associates

 

Project Statement

The SW Montgomery Green Street demonstrates an emerging new urban street plan for which Portland is receiving national and international recognition. This multi-block plan incorporates a variety of green infrastructure and alternative transportation strategies throughout this emerging downtown neighborhood. The Southwest Montgomery Green Street is considered to be Portland's boldest and most innovative downtown green street project to date.

 

 

Project Narrative

Through a collaborative effort, the Portland Development Commission (PDC), Portland's Bureau of Environmental Services (BES) Portland State University (PSU), and Gerding Edlen Development, are pursuing a 9-block plan that incorporates a variety of sustainable stormwater management strategies from SW 11th Avenue east to Pettygrove Park via SW Montgomery Street. The Portland Central City University District Plan emphasizes the development of this neighborhood as an area where University uses mesh with City of Portland goals and designates SW Montgomery Street as a key east/west pedestrian corridor. Simultaneous multi-block development and redevelopment along SW Montgomery Street will dramatically build upon the long-term efforts advanced by the City, PSU, private developers, and businesses over the past four decades. The strategic convergence of these elements will successfully activate the neighborhood, enhance the pedestrian experience, foster sustainability, and continue to build a community culture. The SW Montgomery Green Street Plan demonstrates how, in even the most ultra-urban conditions, downtown streets can be planned and retrofitted not only to fully manage stormwater runoff but to also create, integrate, and preserve vibrant pedestrian spaces. The landscape architect was asked to take the primary role creating a highly integrated and pedestrian-oriented urban streetscape vision that incorporates a variety of green infrastructure strategies along the corridor including stormwater swales, planters, green walls, green roofs, artful stormwater conveyance, and a definitive "curbless" street design.

General Project Goals

• The SW Montgomery Green Street Plan aims to achieve many goals for the surrounding project area. Several general goals were identified by the project team early in the planning process, including:

• Enhancing Portland's current reputation as an incubator for collaborative and innovative sustainable design and development,

• Developing a model for sustainable practices by incorporating sustainable stormwater management approaches into the site design and celebrating all the elements of a vibrant urban environment,

• Creating a primary means of connectivity among amenities such as the University, fountains, parks, auditoriums, museums, theaters, and shopping; within walking distance of many central city business district jobs, also connect to the greater metropolitan area via the streetcar, future light rail, and numerous transit mall bus lines,

• Expanding the Urban Center Plaza's success as an active city plaza and let that success extend throughout the entire project corridor,

• Incorporating the vision to connect the West Hills with the Willamette River along SW Montgomery Street, and:

• Using the SW Montgomery Green Street to connect the overall area to an Eco-district.

Specific Green Street Goals

Along with the general goals outline above, the landscape architect was tasked to help achieve specific green street design goals for the SW Montgomery project corridor, including:

• Create wider sidewalks and "curbless" street conditions that allow for various site furnishings adjacent to ground floor retail areas. Blocks that carry auto traffic should have active retail with one lane of traffic and one lane of parking with the option to close for pedestrian-only special events,

• Introduce a visually continuous landscaped element that acts as a "stormwater spine" or common thread through multiple blocks and creates a "green" east/west connection through downtown and the Portland State University district,

• Integrate right-of-way green street design with adjacent developments including the planned Oregon Sustainability Center. Explore the potential of creating shared stormwater planters to accept both street and building rooftop runoff, and:

• Retrofit green street elements along the project corridor, while honoring the character found particularly at the South Park Blocks, Urban Center Plaza, and Pettygrove Park.

Project Analysis and Implementation

To fully realize the plan for the SW Montgomery Green Street, the landscape architect was asked to study the project's site character, determine the project's overall stormwater management goals, investigate and respond to the site's constraints, determine how bold of a green street is possible, and analyze the different modes of circulation throughout the neighborhood. This analysis provided the opportunity for 1.8 million gallons of stormwater runoff to be managed through the street's "stormwater spine," the potential for a significant transportation mode shift from auto-infrastructure to people-infrastructure, and the ability to have the street itself catalyze sustainable private redevelopment along the SW Montgomery Green Street corridor. The final product of these analyses is the creation of the SW Montgomery Green Street Plan which has proven to be highly implementable both in the near and long-term.

The SW Montgomery Green Street Plan is being implemented in multiple phases. Two blocks of the plan, the Smith Memorial Student Union Plaza and the Urban Center Plaza Retrofit, have been successfully completed by the landscape architect's design team. Two additional blocks are targeted for implementation within the next two years, including the proposed Oregon Sustainability Center- Portland's most technologically advanced, state-of-the-art green building site that aims to meet the rigorous criteria of the Living Building Challenge. With the strategic convergence of various partners and continued planning and implementation efforts, the SW Montgomery Green Street corridor will successfully activate the neighborhood and foster sustainability as a relationship between academic, residential, and business communities. This project's implementation will serve as a new concept for street planning and a place-making model for other downtown streetscape projects in Portland and beyond.

 

 

项目信息:

首席设计师:Nevue Ngan Associates: Keving Robert Perry、ASLA、 Ben Ngan、 David Goodyke和Jason Hirst

土木工程支持:Sisul Engineering: Douglas Johnson

建筑设计支持:Michael Riscica、Nancy Merryman

波兰市环境署:Emily Hauth

波兰发展委员会:Lisa Abuaf、Irene Bowers

波兰州立大学:Ernest Tipton、Kate Vance

Project Resources:

Lead Designers: Nevue Ngan Associates: Keving Robert Perry, ASLA, Ben Ngan, David Goodyke and Jason Hirst

Civil Engineering Support: Sisul Engineering: Douglas Johnson

Architecture Support: Michael Riscica and Nancy Merryman

City of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services: Emily Hauth

Portland Development Commission: Lisa Abuaf and Irene Bowers

Portland State University: Ernest Tipton and Kate Vance

 

连接西山区与威拉米特河的蒙哥马利西南绿街/Nevue Ngan Associates
SW Montgomery Green Street Connecting the West Hills to the Willamette River by Nevue Ngan Associates

 

网页链接:http://www.90dg.cn/landscape/2015/0324/394.html

 

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沉香

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中国沉香文化街,开启新年香福之旅

  海口晚报报2月12日讯(记者祝勇 实习生杨苑)中国香街从1月17日起至3月5日将持续推出&香聚复兴城,新春祈福汇&活动,届时,整条香街将汇聚海南、广东、福建、以及东南亚一带的优质沉香产品,展示不同的沉香业态。市民和游客可以品香、祈福、鉴赏、购物,开启新年闻香祈福之旅。   位于海口复兴城的中国沉香文化街,以推广海南沉香文化为主旨,融合海南文化、佛教... 阅读全文

  海口晚报报2月12日讯(记者祝勇 实习生杨苑)中国香街从1月17日起至3月5日将持续推出“香聚复兴城,新春祈福汇”活动,届时,整条香街将汇聚海南、广东、福建、以及东南亚一带的优质沉香产品,展示不同的沉香业态。市民和游客可以品香、祈福、鉴赏、购物,开启新年闻香祈福之旅。

 

  位于海口复兴城的中国沉香文化街,以推广海南沉香文化为主旨,融合海南文化、佛教文化、养生保健、收藏鉴赏、休闲购物等诸元素,不仅是今年琼北旅游推出的新旅游吸引物,也是琼北一处独特的人文旅游休闲购物聚集地。在香街不仅能体验古乐演奏、汉服展示、琼剧表演等中国传统文化和海南地域文化,还能于袅袅香雾中,在中香堂体验独特的香疗、沉香SPA;在沉香文化会馆知己斋体验香道表演;在香中阁老品沉香茶,学习沉香鉴定;到香缘树看沉香文化表演;末了,去沉香鸡饭店品尝特有的沉香鸡、沉香酒、沉香咖啡、沉香面。

 

  海南省琼脂沉香博物馆是海南首家沉香博物馆,主要藏品包括沉香主产地香料博览、沉香的发展历史博览、古代香文化、香具博览等。海南佛光舍利博物馆也落户在中国香街,此馆是全世界唯一固定馆址的专门展示舍利子的博物馆,佛陀与诸大弟子舍利是2500年历史的珍贵古物,不单是佛教的圣物,亦是人类文明史上的最重要、最珍贵的历史文物,现今世界上的佛陀舍利大都是束之高阁,全世界唯有极少数人能亲眼瞻礼。除了珍贵的佛舍利,同时展示的还有唐卡、佛文化艺术品等200多件展品,现展出有80多件舍利子文物。该馆开馆时间为10时至21时,逢周一闭馆。70岁以上老人与现役军人以及持有国家级导游证免费参观。

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创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴 The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

By University of Arkansas Community Design Center and Marlon Blackwell Architect &主干道的设计对于二十一世纪的城市街区而言是个巨大的挑战,需要营造灵活而美观的可持续公共空间。此项目突显了精心的设计在场所营造方面所做的贡献,采用简洁优雅的公共空间设计,摒弃过分的修饰... 阅读全文

By University of Arkansas Community Design Center and Marlon Blackwell Architect


 

“主干道的设计对于二十一世纪的城市街区而言是个巨大的挑战,需要营造灵活而美观的可持续公共空间。此项目突显了精心的设计在场所营造方面所做的贡献,采用简洁优雅的公共空间设计,摒弃过分的修饰和扩张。注重入口、节点和集会空间的设计,这也正是城市设计需要表达的。”—2014ASLA分析与规划专业奖评语

 

"Main street design is a grand challenge of the 21st century as urban neighborhoods seek to create sustainable, resilient, and beautiful public spaces. This project highlights what careful design can contribute to the making of place, not a lot of jewels or distractions, but simple, clear, and elegant design of public space. The emphasis on thresholds, nodes, and shared spaces is exactly what urban design needs to engage"- 2014 Awards Jury


 

项目概述

 

创意廊道翻新了一条濒危的历史市区主干道的一部分,囊括了四个街区,整合了文化艺术品而非传统零售店铺。创意廊道的目标建立在以艺术品为中心的商住两用环境里。设计采用都市主义的街景元素将廊道重组为节点,比如景观设计、生态工程、公共空间肌理构造、建筑空地系统以及其他城市景观元素。

 

项目描述

 

从商业到文化和住宅使用的目标

遍布大都会区域的各个文化组织的整合,催生了曾经被遗忘的主干道的改造,提出了异于传统零售店铺的土地混合使用策略。这一公民规划为美国阿肯色州小岩城提供了前所未有的经济适用市区住宅,融合了住宅、办公和文化等元素。后者囊括了交响乐、芭蕾、艺术中心、视觉艺术、剧院、舞池等排练与生产空间,还包括一个三角厨艺经济——餐厅、公共展览、教育。为了确保不同发展阶段定位的连续性,设计的解决方案依靠都市主义的街景元素——景观设计、生态工程、公共空间肌理构造、建筑空地系统以及其他城市景观元素。

 

完整的街道

项目强调路权范围内的非交通社会功能,以此在混合使用的居住环境里支撑新型的文化艺术中心化。完整的街道能够安全地容纳各种使用者,比如行人、自行车骑行者、摩托车骑行者以及各个年龄段和不同行为能力的公交使用者,这是成功营造混合使用环境所必须的构成元素。规划分阶段引入异于先前城市大众工作的各个公共空间,比如低影响发展(LID)暴雨雨水处理网络、共有街道肌理构造、自行车林荫大道、配有演艺设施的轨道换乘广场。共有街道肌理构造连同全新的城市景观系统衔接了公共和私人空间,进而框出能够支撑创意经济并提供人行道功能的全新层次。

 

低影响发展(LID)街景

街景设计体现了生态服务以及社会城市服务。建立在美国环境保护署的绿化美国都市研究成果之上,延伸出LID处理网络提案——以生态为基础的暴雨雨水径流处理。树木成排的漫步道和共有街道景观相融合,形成十七个可识别生态系统服务的绝大部分——大气法规、干扰(洪水)法规、水规、沉积物控制、营养循环、废弃物处理、授粉、生境等。漫步道像是巨大的过滤树箱,栽满本土节水园艺植物的过滤系统十分抢眼,这儿囊括了户外用餐和聚会空间。街道变成生态资产,在径流通过雨水沟渠流向附近阿肯色河之前就代谢了水污染物。

 

环境/社会数据和分析方法

小岩城的城市复兴策略在一片废弃的肌理里成为自给自足的节点。20世纪50年代早期,城市里洋溢着确保联邦城市复兴资金的狂热,其所带来的影响使主干道渐趋没落。中央小岩城城市复兴项目最终成为城市住区清理的国家典范——580英亩的市中心推倒重建,囊括了471栋商业建筑(在一座拥有193 000栋建筑物的城市里涵盖了超过1 600栋的建筑物),人口密度从每英亩18人降到20世纪70年代的5人。在一些市中心的住区里,人口下降了75%。生态工程师采用水流软件模拟支撑街道绿化的暴雨雨水措施,设计的配套设施能够抵御两年一遇的自然事件。这些配套设施种满了耐旱植物,这些草木能够深深扎根,既能抵御水体的滞留又能抗旱。

 

设计的角色和选项的考虑

从附近中央商务区延伸来的大企业发展是普遍的现象。项目展现了远超过历史规范和街道美容的翻新案例,同时又与那些破坏历史主干道结构的企业产权业主一起合作,合理地再利用,十分经济可行。区域根深蒂固的产权文化迫使遗产保护规范变得不可执行。相反地,灵活的城市景观平台调节了相互对立的建筑传统——新与旧之间、砖石与玻璃之间、大与小之间,通过小路、拱廊、城市走廊、剧院的开发来重新营造主干道的场所感。

 

公众参与和项目实施

项目规划的资金来自美国环境保护署和国家能源署的拨款,促进六年一个时期的公私合作以及三十多个组织之间的合作。城市主干道专案小组和产权业主连同区域主要的文化艺术组织共同参与设计工作室,后者同意迁入主干道。超过1.6亿美元的建筑合同或者翻新合同正在私人领域达成(超过200个住宅单元),包括文化组织的地面承租空间。

 

项目管理

市长办公室在市规划员工和顾问的协助下着手执行此方案。公共领域的改善涵盖了LID景观的落地,这将得到美国环境保护署和阿肯色自然资源委员会的资助。地铁规划(中央阿肯色区域交通署)将与创意廊道相关的轨道换乘设施的改善纳入日程。

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

道路能够高效地将交通从一点导向另一点,而街道却不一样,它是捕捉价值的平台。设计良好的街道能够提供非交通的社会功能,比如聚会、集会、娱乐、生态、美学

Unlike roads, which efficiently move traffic from one point to another, streets are platforms for capturing value. A well-designed street provides non-traffic social functions related to gathering, assembly, recreation, ecology, and aesthetics.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

总平面图:创意廊道的节点营造分为三个阶段

节点为社交生活提供中心感,与廊道的移动属性形成对比。依据政治意志许可,每个阶段依次完成

Site Plan: The Creative Corridor employs three phases to create a node.

Nodes provide a sense of centrality and opportunity for social life, countering the dominance of mobility in corridors. Each phase can be accomplished in succession or all at once as political will permits.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

建筑指导方针在政治方面不可执行。诸如拱廊、大帐篷、暴雨雨水处理景观之类的城市景观元素衔接了街道和建筑室内

城市景观在建筑传统元素之间起协调作用,比如历史和现代之间,并非依赖以历史为灵感的指导方针

Architectural guidelines aren’t politically feasible. Townscaping elements like arcades, marquees, and stormwater management landscapes bridge street and building interiors.

Townscaping negotiates conflicting building traditions—historic and contemporary—rather than rely on historically-inspired guidelines.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

首先做的是营造入口

采用步行工作台建造两个城市空间。这些共有街道策略以步行环境支撑非交通功能为优先,比如户外用餐区和剧场聚会区

The first thing we do is create gateways.

Establish two urban rooms using pedestrian tables. These kinds of shared street strategies privilege a pedestrian environment supportive of non-traffic functions like outdoor dining and theater gathering.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

带有街具、建筑路面铺装和景观的城市空间仿佛一座城市口袋公园,里面的植物修剪整齐,同时充满乡野气息

工作台采用模块式悬挂路面铺装系统,可以支持过滤和树木的生长

Urban rooms with street furniture, architectural pavement, and landscapes are made of rustic and manicured plant palettes akin to an urban pocket park.

Tables are made from a modular suspended pavement system to support infiltration and tree growth.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

入口空间与原有的廊道截然不同,具有支持非交通的社会功能

Gateway rooms sponsor non-traffic social functions unlikely in the existing corridor.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

设计师采用回收的街道照明设施制作成公共艺术,形成入口标识

灯光园的材料来自小岩城住区原有的街道灯具,它们共同描绘了一幅城市历史图景,否则这些都将被人忽略

We recycled street lighting and made it public art that marks entry.

Light gardens consisting of street lights recycled from Little Rock neighborhoods portray an urban history otherwise left unnoticed.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

其次,设计师标记出此区最重要的路口

将国会大街和主干道的交叉口转变为广场,它同时还是西边国会综合体的入口

Second, we mark the most important intersection in the state.

Turn the intersection of Capitol Avenue and Main Street into a plaza that also serves as a gateway to the state capitol complex to the west.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

国会大街广场庆祝了这一重要的十字路口

这一节点囊括了被抬升的草坪剧场、公共换乘站、出入庭院的通道、灯光园、公共艺术,进而营造了具有标志性和可追忆的集会空间

The Capitol Avenue Plaza celebrates this important crossroads.

This node houses an elevated lawn/amphitheater, public transit stop, porte cochere, light garden, and public art, to create an iconic and memorable room for assembly.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

街道的能量通过建筑释放出来

广场空间成为新旧结构和大小尺度之间的过渡

The energy of the street is pulled up through the architecture.

The plaza as a room mediates between new and old structures, as well as big and small scales.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

第三,我们采用步道扩充了西边的范围

漫步道将一期和二期相连接,具有低影响发展(LID)基础设施的功能,突显以生态为基础的暴雨雨水处理的特色

Third, we thicken the western edge using a pedestrian allee.

Link phases one and two with a Pedestrian Promenade that functions as a Low Impact Development (LID) infrastructure featuring ecologically-based stormwater management.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

美国环境保护署出资落实这一规划

LID形成健康的生态系统里十七个可识别生态系统服务的绝大部分——大气法规、干扰(洪水)法规、侵蚀控制和沉积物滞留、营养循环、废弃物处理、授粉、生境等

The US EPA gave us money to do this!

LID delivers many of the 17 recognized ecological services found in healthy ecosystems—atmospheric regulation, disturbance (flooding) regulation, erosion control and sediment retention, nutrient cycling, recreation, pollination, habitat, etc.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

LID处理的景观成为室内空间的延伸

漫步道是极富创造力的水处理景观,具有文化和居住的功能,支持公众活动和聚会

The LID treatment landscape is designed as an extension of the indoor spaces.

The Pedestrian Promenade is a highly-productive water management landscape that accommodates public activities and gatherings in support of cultural and residential functions.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

漫步道像是巨大的过滤树箱,在径流通过雨水沟渠流向附近阿肯色河之前就过滤并处理了城市暴雨雨水

Like a supersized tree box filter, the Promenade infiltrates and treats urban stormwater runoff before it is discharged through storm sewers into the Arkansas River.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

漫步道里的木板道元素将公共艺术网络整合进创意廊道里

Boardwalk components in the Promenade integrate a public art network for The Creative Corridor.

 

创意廊道:小岩城主干道的复兴
The Creative Corridor: A Main Street Revitalization for Little Rock

事实证明,一个简单而与众不同的环境能够带给人们安全感,同时还升华了用户体验,使其更具深度与内涵

Indeed, a distinctive and legible environment not only offers security but also heightens the potential depth and intensity of human experience.

 

 

Project Statement

 

The Creative Corridor retrofits a four-block segment of an endangered historic downtown Main Street through aggregation of the cultural arts rather than Main Street’s traditional retail base. The goal is to structure an identity for the Creative Corridor based upon a mixed-use working and living environment anchored by the arts. The design approach restructures the corridor into a node utilizing the urbanism of streetscapes—landscape architecture, ecological engineering, public space configurations, frontage systems and other townscaping elements.

 

Project Narrative

 

Goals and Objectives From Commercial to Cultural and Residential Uses

Catalyzed by the aggregation of cultural organizations now scattered throughout the metropolitan area, this reclamation of a neglected historic Main Street proposes a land-use mix different from Main Street’s traditional retail base. This publicly-commissioned plan provides an affordable downtown living option presently unavailable in Little Rock combining residential, work and culture. The latter includes instruction/production space for the symphony, ballet, arts center, visual artists, theater, and dance, as well as a culinary arts economy that triangulates restaurants, public demonstration, and education. To ensure a coherent identity among different eras of development, design solutions rely on the urbanism of streetscapes—landscape architecture, ecological engineering, public space configurations, frontage systems and other townscaping elements.

 

Complete Streets

The project intensifies non-traffic social functions within the right-of-way to support a new cultural arts concentration within a mixed-use living environment. Complete Streets, designed to safely accommodate all users—pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and public transit users of all ages and abilities—are necessary components in the creation of successful mixed-use environments. The plan phases introduction of public spaces unfamiliar to the city’s public works—an integrated Low Impact Development (LID) stormwater treatment network, shared street configurations, bicycle boulevards, and an intermodal rail transit plaza with performance facilities. Shared street configurations with novel townscaping systems connect public and private spaces to frame a new layer of pedestrian functions supportive of a new creative economy.

 

Low Impact Development (LID) Streetscapes

Streetscapes are designed to deliver ecological services in addition to social and urban services. The proposed LID treatment network—ecologically-based stormwater runoff management—expands upon recommendations from US EPA’s Greening America’s Capitals study for Main Street. A tree-lined Promenade and shared street landscapes combine to deliver many of the 17 recognized ecosystem services—atmospheric regulation, disturbance (flooding) regulation, water regulation, sediment control, nutrient cycling, waste treatment, pollination, habitat, etc. Like a giant tree box filter, the Promenade feature an infiltration system planted with native xeriscapes that also house outdoor dining and gathering spaces. The street becomes an ecological asset, metabolizing water pollutants on site before runoff is discharged through storm sewers to the nearby Arkansas River.

 

Environmental/Social Data and Methods of Analysis

Urban revitalization strategies in Little Rock occur as self-sufficient nodes within a fabric of abandonment. Main Street’s decline was a victim of the City’s zealousness in securing federal urban renewal funds beginning in the 1950s. The Central Little Rock Urban Renewal Project eventually became a national model for urban neighborhood clearance: 580 acres of the downtown were demolished, including 471 commercial buildings (more than 1600 buildings total in a city of 193,000); and population density dropped from 18 people per acre to five in 1970. In some downtown neighborhoods the population dropped 75 percent. Stormwater loading to support green street design was modeled by ecological engineers using Hydraflow software with facilities designed to support two-year events. Facilities are staffed with drought-tolerant plant guilds and trees that grow taproots, which can withstand water retention as well as drought.

 

Role of Design and Consideration of Options

Large corporate development from the adjacent CBD is an invasive species. The project offers a retrofit program beyond historical codes and street beautification responsive to the economics of adaptive reuse with corporate property owners who have recently demolished historic Main Street structures. The region’s entrenched property rights culture makes codes for legacy protection unfeasible. Rather, a flexible townscaping platform negotiates conflicting architectural traditions—between new and old, masonry and glass, and large and small—through the development of allees, arcades, urban porches, and amphitheaters that reclaim Main Street’s sense of place.

 

Public Participation and Project Implementation

Project planning was funded through grants from the US EPA and NEA, enabling public-private partnerships and collaboration from more than 30 organizations over a six-year period. The City’s Main Street Task Force and property owners participated in design workshops with the region’s principal cultural arts groups who have agreed to relocate to Main Street. More than $160 million in building contracts or renovations are underway (more than 200 dwelling units) by the private sector, including ground floor tenant space for cultural groups. 

 

Project Administration

The Mayor’s office assisted by city planning staff and consultants are executing the proposal. Public sector improvements involve implementation of LID landscapes, which will be funded by the US EPA and the Arkansas Natural Resources Commission. MetroPlan (Central Arkansas’ regional transportation authority) is scheduling rail transit improvements for The Creative Corridor.

 

Project Resources

 

设计和施工团队Design & Construction Team

UACDC

Stephen Luoni, Director, Assoc. AIA

Jeffrey Huber, Assistant Director, AIA, LEED AP, NCARB

Allison Lee Thurmond Quinlan, Project Designer, AIA, Associate ASLA

Cory Amos, Project Designer, Assoc. AIA

Benjamin Curtin, Project Designer

Akihiro Moriya, Project Designer

Linda Komlos, Administrative Analyst

 

MBA

Marlon Blackwell, Principal, FAIA

Meryati Blackwell, Principal, Assoc. AIA, NCIDQ, ASID, LEED AP

Jonathan Boelkins, Studio Director, AIA

William Burks, Project Designer and Technical Manager, Assoc. AIA

Justin Hershberger, Project Designer, Assoc. AIA

Bradford Payne, Project Designer, Assoc. AIA

Stephen Reyenga, Project Designer, Assoc. AIA

Heather McArthur, Project Designer

 

Sponsors

National Endowment for the Arts

Arkansas Natural Resources Commission

 

Via ASLA 90degree编译,本文未经许可,不得转载。

 

 

网页链接:http://www.90dg.cn/landscape/2014/1203/279.html

 

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